On December 14, at 5:55 P.M. EST 1972, the ascent stage of the Lunar Module for the Apollo 17 mission lifted off. Aboard it, were the last two men to walk on the moon, Eugene Andrew “Gene” Cernan and Harrison Hagan “Jack” Schmitt. Neither man would ever return to space.
Schmitt was the first scientist to fly into space, a geologist with a Ph.D. from Harvard. The decision to send a scientist instead of a pilot met with some resistance. Cernan was publicly critical of it. However, in Cernan’s words, Schmitt proved a capable LM pilot.
Cernan had served as a fighter pilot, pilot of the Gemini 9A and lunar module pilot of Apollo 10. Before re-entering the LM for the final time, Gene Cernan said, “I take man’s last step from the surface, back home for some time to come.”
The men knew that this was a last mission in the Apollo program, and the last planned flight to the moon. They did what they could with this last mission. They collected 244 pounds (111 kilograms) of lunar material. This included the strange orange soil that proved to be microscopic glass beads from volcanic activity.
Strange and interesting lunar facts
Cernan’s distinction as the last person to walk on the moon means that Purdue University holds the distinction of being the alma mater of both the first person to walk on the Moon and the last.
The Apollo 17 Lunar Rover had the last fender bender on the moon. Cernan caught his hammer under the right-rear fender, breaking it off. They repaired the fender with duct tape, but not before getting covered with moon dust.
Moon dust smells like spent gunpowder.
The Apollo 17 plaque has the inscription: “Here Man completed his first explorations of the Moon. December 1972 AD. May the spirit of peace in which we came be reflected in the lives of all mankind.”
President Richard M. Nixon’s signature is on this plaque.
While the American flag from the first landing was knocked over, when they took off, the one from the Apollo 17 mission remains standing as of April 21, 2012. There is a picture showing its shadow on the surface.
After forty years, the color has been bleached out of the flag by unfiltered sunlight.
Apollo 17 was the first night launch of a U.S. human spaceflight. It was also final crewed launch of a Saturn V rocket.
Man left the moon for the last time:
· Before Microsoft was founded,
· Before the U.S. pulled out of South Vietnam,
· Before Elvis Presley died,
· Before Roe versus Wade legalized abortions in the U.S.,
· Before Star Wars,
· Before microwave ovens, cell phones, internet,
· Before personal computers and YouTube.
On YouTube, you can watch the following:
· Liftoff – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjWiMYr6XDA
· Lunar Landing – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okgwvmobs_Y
· Lunar launch – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXs4tncQcAE
· Splash down – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_c2mDEdCJIc
Apollo 17 spacecraft landed safely in the Pacific Ocean at 2:25 P.M., 6.4 kilometers (4.0 mi) from the recovery ship, the USS Ticonderoga. Cernan, Evans and Schmitt were then retrieved by a recovery helicopter and were safely aboard the recovery ship 52 minutes after landing.
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